Standalone FRMS Manual or Integrating it into Your SMM?

FRMS procedures are essential to document your FRMS structure and processes. But, should it be a standalone manual, such as “FRMS Manual”? Or a part of your current Safety Management Manual? In this post, we are going to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of both.

Standalone FRMS Manual


  1. Focused Content: A standalone manual ensures that all aspects of fatigue risk management are covered comprehensively without being overshadowed by other safety management topics. FRMS is a dedicated SMS for Fatigue risk. Methods and processes differentiate from Safety Management. It is worth to be focused.
  2. Easier Updates: It’s simpler to update a dedicated FRMS manual as changes or new findings in fatigue risk management emerge. As FRMS manager, to update SMS, you may require to collaborate with other parties which means more effort and time.
  3. Specialized Training: Employees can be trained specifically on fatigue management, ensuring a deeper understanding of the subject. If you are training FRMS auditors or supervisors, a focused manual will provide a clear guide.


  1. Integration Challenges: It might be harder to integrate the FRMS with other safety management processes if it’s in a separate document. Some large hazards may require wider collaboration.
  2. Increased Complexity: Managing multiple manuals can be cumbersome and increase the complexity of the safety management system. Especially for the small-sized companies, some people may hold more than one posts and has to face the difficulties of managing more than one manuals.
  3. Potential for Overlooked Content: There’s a risk that staff may overlook the FRMS if it’s not embedded in the main safety manual they are familiar with.

The decision to go for a standalone FRMS manual or integrate it into the existing SMM depends on the specific needs and operations of your organization. Key considerations include the complexity of your operations, the level of integration required between different safety processes, and the resources available for training and implementation. It’s essential to weigh these pros and cons in the context of your organization’s unique environment to make the most effective choice.

It is clear that size of your company matters. Especially in the small-sized companies, some people may hold more than one posts and has to face the difficulties of managing more than one manuals. For example, if SMS manager and FRMS manager is the same person, if FSAG and SAG consists of same people, it is better to keep FRMS as a part of SMS, so the manuals.

Want to learn more?

Do you know you can get a comprehensive training about Fatigue Risk Management System (FRMS) for Air Traffic Services.